Prescription drugs have soared in popularity in the past two decades and are now the most abused substances in the world behind alcohol and marijuana. Access to prescription drugs is plentiful in the United States, and the rate of prescription drug addiction has reached epidemic levels.
FAST FACTS: Prescription Drugs
More Americans died from drug overdoses in 2014 than any year before, according to the latest research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Most of these deaths can be attributed to the rise in prescription drug abuse, an epidemic that continues to grow. Getting involved in Maine Drug Intervention Programs can be the first step in ridding yourself of your drug addiction.
While people misuse a wide range of prescriptions drugs, opioids, central nervous system (CNS) depressants and stimulants are the most widely abused. Opioids such as hydrocodone and Oxycontin (oxycodone) have been responsible for a large portion of recent overdose deaths.
Prescription opioid painkillers have become a driving factor in the increasing number of overdose deaths over the past 15 years. The amount of prescription opioids sold in the United States has nearly quadrupled since 1999, according to the CDC. The amount of pain Americans reported from 1999 to 2014 remained stable, yet the number of deaths from prescription opioids increased nearly four-fold during this time.
Prescription drug addiction is becoming more common. Treatment facilities across the nation are facing a massive influx of people with prescription drug use disorders. These individuals often struggle with cross addictions as well, and may be dependent on multiple substances. Prescription drug addiction is expensive and usually becomes too costly to maintain, which drives many opioid users to heroin as a cheaper alternative. Maine Drug Intervention services focus on helping you avoid drug usage and ultimately bettering your lifestyle by leaving your drug addiction behind.
For those locked in the grips of prescription drug addiction, professional treatment is available. Rehab facilities and recovery specialists can help you purge prescription drugs from your system and learn how to live life sober.
The most widely abused types of prescription drugs — opioids, CNS depressants, and stimulants — also provide intense and euphoric effects. Many users become addicted to these medications while treating legitimate medical conditions.
Doctors prescribe stimulants to help with weight control and to treat concentration conditions such as ADHD. Stimulants generally come in pill form and are swallowed or crushed and snorted when abused.
Stimulant effects are characterized by rushes of energy and euphoria. Many individuals who become addicted to stimulants begin using cocaine as an alternative or in pursuit of a more intense high.
Opioids are used medically to treat chronic and temporary pain. These medications are some of the most potent painkillers and have high addiction rates. Many people addicted to opioids later transition to heroin use.
Opioids come in liquid, powder, or pill form and are typically swallowed, snorted or injected.
CNS depressants are used to treat a number of conditions, including depression, anxiety and sleep disorders. They also provide numbing and euphoric effects, which make them desirable for individuals looking to get high or self-medicate.
Prescription drug abuse is a problem ravaging every community, every race, and every socio-economic demographic in the United States; the effects are not limited to one specific population.
Out of all Americans 12 or older, 20 percent have used prescription drugs for nonmedical purposes at least once in their lifetime. The same study showed that in 2013 6.5 million Americans in this age group (2.5 percent of the population) had abused prescription drugs in the past month, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Prescription drug abuse is particularly prevalent among teens and young adults. In 2015, 13 percent of high school seniors reported prescription drug abuse. A 2012 report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration shows 28.1 percent of college-aged young adults reported misuse of prescription drugs at least once in their lifetime.
A 2007 study by researchers at the University of Michigan examined the prevalence of substance abuse in college students by race. The study concluded illicit use of prescription drugs was most prevalent among young adults aged 18 to 25.
Nearly 116 million Americans suffer from chronic pain, according to the National Institute on drug abuse. In the past two decades, prescription opioids have become the most popular form of medication treatment for those with chronic pain. When used properly, prescription opioids can be an effective way to manage pain. Long-term opioid use, however, is associated with a number of risks, first and foremost being addiction.
Drug tolerance opioid users develop a tolerance and require higher doses of the drug for the medication to be effective. Hyperalgesiausers may become more sensitive to pain after using opioids over time.
Substance use disorders can be developed even when an opioid medication is used properly. Three to five percent of individuals managing pain with prescription opioids develop a substance use disorder, according to researchers at the University of Tennessee.
Once an individual with chronic pain has developed a substance use disorder, proper treatment for their condition can become complicated. When the prescription runs out, the individual may turn to illicit opioids as an alternative.
Often the cost of prescription opioids on the street is too high to sustain long-term, driving individuals to self-medicate with heroin, alcohol or other substances.
One in five American adults has a mental illness. Of those 49 million people, 7.9 million had both a substance use disorder and a mental health disorder, according to the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Many of those individuals struggle with prescription drug addiction.
Individuals with a serious mental illness (a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that causes serious functional impairment that substantially interferes with or limits one or more major life activities) have higher rates of substance use disorders, especially among young people. In 2014, 35.3 percent of adults 18 to 25 years old with a serious mental illness also had a co-occurring substance use disorder.
Those with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders may use prescription drugs illicitly — often in conjunction with other substances, such as alcohol, marijuana and cocaine — to alleviate the symptoms of their disorders. Turning to illicit prescription drugs for this purpose, such as using opioids or benzodiazepines to decrease anxiety, provides only temporary relief and frequently progresses to an addiction once the individual has become dependent on the substance. A Maine alcohol intervention can help you or your loved one escape alcohol addiction. We have professionals standing by prepared to help you on your journey.
Prescription drug addiction is one of the biggest health crises facing the United States and should be taken seriously. People addicted to prescription drugs are at high risk of self-destructive behavior, poor health, overdose and death.
A variety of treatment options are available for those who want to end the cycle of substance abuse. Rehab centers provide medical detox and drug addiction counseling and aftercare services. Group and individual therapy can address the psychological dependence that accompanies the disease. If you or someone you know is struggling with prescription drug addiction, seek help. It could be the difference between a sober and healthy life and an early tragic death.
To get started there are ways to get the family together with a plan to help the addicted one.
The first recommended step is to contact a certified Drug Addiction Intervention in Maine that can help you and your family with drug and alcohol addiction. The top certified interventionist in the Philadelphia area is James Reidy of Addiction Treatment Group. James has been sober for over 13 years sober and has helped over 400 people with drug and alcohol interventions. Contact Jim here or call at (267) 970-7623.
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